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City view, Lagos, Portugal. - 2

The Moors arrived in the 8th century from North Africa, renaming the settlement Zawaia (meaning lago, or lake). It became part of the much larger coastal region of al-Gharb, which eventually became known as the algarve. (source Portugal Travel Guide)

The definite reconquest of Lagos by the Portuguese was in the 13th century. Because of its superb natural harbor, Lagos became the main base port of the Portuguese discoveries in the time of Henry the Navigator (15th century), who lived in Lagos, and was the governor of the Algarve. (source Algarve tips)

Lagos entered a period of great prosperity as Portuguese maritime adventurers went on to discover Madeira (1419), the Azores (1427), Gil Eanes rounded Cape Bojador (1434), Bartolomeu Dias rounded the Cape of Good Hope (1488) and later Vasco da Gama landed in Mozambique and then India in 1498. In 1500 Pedro Alvares Cabral 'officially' discovered Brazil. In 1522 Magellan circumnavigated the world. The slave market (Mercado dos Escravos - now an art gallery) was built during this period. (source Vale Grifo)

The Great Earthquake, on 1 November 1755, (an estimated 8.7 on the richter scale) that destroyed Lisbon and the resulting tsunami that swept across and devastated the Algarve coast, caused huge destruction in Lagos and many important buildings, such as the parish church of Santa Maria da Graça, within the oldest town walls, were lost forever. The Earthquake removed the political importance of the city. With his castle and all the principal buildings in ruins, the Governor of the Algarve moved to Tavira, close to the Spanish border. (source Vale Grifo)

Colonial-era. Modern-day Lagos was founded by the Awori in the thirteenth century. It was later called Eko. The Portuguese explorer Ruy de Sequeira who visited the area in 1472, named the area around the city Lago de Curamo; the present name is Portuguese for "lakes". (source Wikipedia)

Lagos is an ancient maritime town with more than 2000 years of history. The name Lagos comes from a Celtic settlement, derived from the Latin Lacobriga, the name of the settlement was established during the pre-Punic civilizations. History plays a part, too – Lagos was arguably the key launch pad for Portugal’s Age of Discovery, and it played a dark role in the transatlantic slave trade as the host of Europe’s first slave market. (source The National)

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