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Cruising Douro River, Porto, Portugal. - 2

Douro river has been important for Portugal to export the wine from the vineyards in Douro Valley. The red line is the river cruise we took today. The upper portion of Porto is facing north. Our hotel is where the red pin is. Christine and I have fallen in love with Porto and we wanted you to share with us some of the views from the boat. The red numbers on the map refers to the location of the numbered photos below.

This is Rabelo Boat, which was used to transport Port Wine from Douro Valley to the cellars near the city of Porto. Portuguese wine is the result of traditions introduced to the region by ancient civilizations, such as the Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Greeks, and mostly the Romans. Portugal started to export its wines to Rome during the Roman Empire. Modern exports developed with trade to England after the Methuen Treaty in 1703. (source Wikipedia)

1. We have started the tour and this is the south side travelling west The house to the right has recently been renovated.

2. These are all old houses, some may have been renovated inside. The municipality is very strict regarding the facade of the old houses. It must be retained and no changes.

3. This is the beginning of the Old town and it is called Rbeira of Porto. The large white house on the top is part of the Catedral. All the white tents along the waterfront are market for tourists.

4. This is the centre of Old Town and part of this area has been designated by UNESCO as the World Heritage Site. Some of the historic sites are the Praça da Ribeira, also known as Square Cube, the Street Source Taurine, one of the oldest in the city, the wall of Bacalhoeiros and House of Prince, where he was born in 1394 the Prince Henrique.The Praça da Ribeira is of medieval origin, time in which there existed a large economic activity due to the presence of a river port. (source Oporto Stopover)

5. In March 1809, a tragedy occurred in that place, which was known for Tragedy of the Bridge of Boats. The advance of Napoleon’s troops made the people ran in droves to the bridge made of boats that could not stand the weight of the crowd and finally gave in, dropping a lot of people to the river. (source Oporto Stopover)

6. All of these buildings are old buildings that recently has been renovated.

7. In the 14th and the 15th centuries, Porto's shipyards contributed to the development of Portuguese shipbuilding. Also from the port of Porto, in 1415, Prince Henry the Navigator (son of John I of Portugal) embarked on the conquest of the Moorish port of Ceuta, in northern Morocco.[20][21] This expedition by the king and his fleet, which counted among others, Prince Henry, was followed by navigation and exploration along the western coast of Africa, initiating the Portuguese Age of Discovery.

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